UN Committee on CERD’s Recent Findings

The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) has recently concluded its review of six States parties, issuing findings on Bolivia, Bulgaria, Germany, Morocco, South Africa, and Viet Nam. The Committee’s comprehensive examination focused on the implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, shedding light on both positive aspects and significant concerns within each nation.

Bolivia: The Committee expressed apprehensions about persistent structural issues within Bolivia’s justice system, recommending comprehensive reforms to ensure autonomy, impartiality, and cultural sensitivity. It emphasized the need for the non-discrimination principle and collaboration with Indigenous groups to combat racism, fostering intercultural dialogue for societal acceptance.

Bulgaria: Concerns were raised about the absence of integration programs for migrants and challenges faced by the Roma community. The Committee urged Bulgaria to establish integration mechanisms, address administrative shortcomings affecting the Roma, and provide durable solutions for those without identity documents, ensuring their fundamental rights.

Germany: Despite commendation for acknowledging historical wrongs, Germany faced concerns about the rise of extremist groups and alleged racial profiling. The Committee recommended effective measures against extremist organizations and racial profiling, alongside comprehensive restitution and repatriation policies for colonial wrongdoings.

Morocco: While welcoming the recognition of the Amazigh language, the Committee highlighted challenges in its implementation, calling for increased educational efforts. Concerns about racial profiling and excessive force against migrants led to recommendations for legislative prohibition and investigations, emphasizing equal use of the Amazigh language in courts.

South Africa: Delays in adopting anti-hate crime legislation and concerns over racist hate speech prompted the Committee to call for accelerated legislative processes. Alarmed by violent attacks against refugees, it urged effective investigations and protection measures against hate speech and violence targeting non-citizens.

Viet Nam: The Committee called for a death penalty moratorium and expressed concerns about its disproportionate application on ethnic minorities. Alleged harassment against minority groups led to recommendations for immediate cessation, investigations, and remedies. Viet Nam was also urged to review and amend registration requirements for religious associations, ensuring equal enjoyment of religious freedom.

These findings, known as Concluding Observations, by UN Committee, provide valuable insights into the progress and challenges each nation faces in eliminating racial discrimination. The Committee’s recommendations serve as a roadmap for fostering inclusive societies and addressing systemic issues, emphasizing the importance of collaboration between nations and international bodies in promoting equality and justice. The full report is now available online on the session webpage.

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